Venus Facts:

  • Venera 7, the first space probe to land on Venus, was destroyed by the hostile
    conditions on Venus after only 23 minutes.
  • Almost all of the surface features on Venus are named after women.
  • A day on Venus is equal to 117 days on Earth.
  • Venus is the second closest planet to the Sun. It is a terrestrial planet. This
    means that we think it was created in a similar way to our planet Earth and is
    made of rock
  • Venus is called the Evening Star. It is called this because it looks so bright to
    us from Earth.
  • The thick clouds which cover Venus cause a "greenhouse effect". The clouds
    prevent heat from leaving the atmosphere. If you have ever been in a
    greenhouse at a plant farm, you probably were very warm. This is what Venus
    is like - only much, much hotter.

Venus and Earth are almost the same size. Venus is the closest planet to Earth, but it
does not have oceans or human life like Earth. Venus gets so hot during the day that
it could melt a lead cannonball. The temperature rises to 484 degrees Celsius on the
side facing the Sun. Venus has very thick, rapidly spinning clouds which cover its
surface. These clouds hold heat in. That is why Venus gets so hot. These clouds also
reflect sunlight. That is why Venus appears so bright to us here on Earth. There are
constant thunderstorms in these clouds. Venus has several large inactive volcanoes.
Much of the surface is covered by old lava flows from these volcanoes.

Venus is unusual because it rotates in a direction opposite that of all of the other
planets. Venus spins very slowly as it orbits the
Sun.  Venus gets so hot because the
thick clouds in the atmosphere of Venus hold the heat from the Sun in.

The surface of Venus is very different from the surface of the Earth. It is very dry and
hot enough to melt lead. The pressure on the surface is very strong. It is the same as
being 1 km (3,280 feet) below the surface of the sea on Earth (sort of)

Channels that look like rivers have formed on Venus. Scientists think these channels
are formed from erupting lava. The lava flows along as it cools down, creating the
channels. One feature only Venus seems to have is unusual volcanoes called
arachnoids. These are volcanoes that have formed differently from other volcanoes
we have found in the Solar System. We don't know exactly how they were formed.
Venus also has volcanoes like those on Earth.

Parts of the surface of Venus look something like continents. The largest of these
areas is called Ishtar Terra. Deep basins like those under the Earth's oceans have
also been discovered. On Venus, though, they have no water. Features like mountain
ranges and meteor craters have also been found on Venus. One of the highest
mountains on Venus, Maxwell Montes, is about 11 km taller than Mount Everest, the
highest mountain on

How long is a day on Venus?
Venus rotates (spins around) even more slowly than Mercury. One full rotation of
Venus takes about 243 Earth days. Venus also rotates in the opposite direction to the
other planets in the Solar System. One day on Venus, from noon to noon, depends
on the length of the year as well as the rotation time, and is about 117 earth days.

How long is a year on Venus?
One year on Venus is almost 225 Earth days long. This is less time than it takes
Venus to rotate on its axis and less than two Venus days. A year is shorter than a day
on Venus (245 days).

What is Venus made of?
The surface of Venus, its crust, is covered in rock. The core of Venus is made of
nickel-iron. The atmosphere around Venus is very thick and is made of carbon
dioxide, nitrogen, and poisonous gases that create high pressure and trap in heat.

How much would Venus' gravity pull on me?
If you were on Venus, it would pull you down almost as strongly as Earth. The
atmosphere exerts a pressure at the surface more than 90 times Earth's normal sea-
level pressure.

Who is this planet named after?
Venus is named after the Roman goddess of love. Sometimes it can be seen
shining brightly just before dawn or just after sunset. Some people like the Aztecs
and the Greeks, gave Venus two names – one for the morning and one for the

Because Venus and the Earth are the same size, scientists call Venus "Earth's sister
planet". For a long time most scientists thought that Venus had plants, animals, and
possibly even people. However because Venus is so hot we now know that it is
impossible for anything to live there.

How long would it take people to get there?
It could take around a year to get there.

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Our Solar System
Sites for Teachers
Our Solar System
This comprehensive book
contains information on all
major planets, major star
constellations, space
exploration and our solar
system. Included are fact
sheets, fast facts,
wordsearches, crossword
puzzles, Q's & A's, Student
Activity Sheets,
Teacher/parent resources
and tips, lesson plans and
crafts and activities.  
entire book 208 pages
The Chinese lunar calendar
dates back to the second
millennium BC. The Chinese
calendar is cyclical. Each
cycle is made up of 12 years;
after the 12th year, the cycle
is repeated.  
This book
contains comprehensive
teacher/parent resources,
lesson plans and activities
relating both to the Chinese
Zodiac and to the Chinese
New Year. A Fun interactive
learning experience for Gr
K-5  with a particular focus
on adjectives,  
characteristics and traits.  
Preview the entire book here