Space exploration — A long dream

Going in to space was always one of the biggest dreams people had, even
thousands of years ago. Many science fiction authors had written about travelling
in space even before the first aeroplane flight (in 1903). One of the most famous
science fiction books is "From the Earth to the Moon" by Jules Verne — it was
written in 1865, more then one hundred years before the first person walked on
the moon.

The first exploration of space
Space begins about 100 km or 62 miles above the
earth. In 1942, the German
rocket A-4 became the first to reach that height, but it wasn't meant to do
anything but fall straight down again and so wasn't terribly useful.

The Soviets were the first to put anything in space that would stay up: they
launched the Sputnik 1 satellite on October 4, 1957. This event started the Space
Race, a competition between the United States and the Soviet Union. Within a
month, the Soviets launched Sputnik 2, and in that spacecraft was the first space
traveller: a dog called Laika.

The Americans were very surprised that the Soviets could have launched 'Sputnik',
and began to design rockets and satellites of their own. The two countries would
compete for the next few decades .This was called 'Space Race'.

A man in Space
On April 12, 1961, the first person was sent into space: Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet, riding
in the spacecraft Vostok 1. The Soviets would send more people into space over
the next few decades, and so would the Americans, but it wouldn't be until 2003
that another country would launch a spacecraft with a person in it: China, with
the Shenzhou 5.

The race to the moon
At the beginning of the 1960s, American president John F. Kennedy made a
famous speech in which he said that the U.S. was going to send people to the
moon within the next 10 years. And that's what happened: in 1969, Neil Armstrong
became the first person to walk on the moon.

The Space Shuttle
After the Apollo program that sent people to the Moon, the U.S. built the Space
Shuttle, that is like a jet-plane that can go to space and return! (With the help of
rockets of course). The Space Shuttle helped construct the ISS (International
Space Station) among another things.

The space shuttle will be retired in 2010, but it will be replaced with new vehicles
that will take mankind to the Moon, Mars, and beyond!

Exploration beyond the
Solar System
Many people dream of the day when humans can travel to another star and
explore other worlds, some perhaps very similar to our own Earth. This, if it ever
does happen probably won't happen for a very long time. The stars are so spread
out that there are trillions of miles between stars that are "neighbours". Maybe
one day, your great grandchildren will be standing atop an alien world wondering
about their ancient ancestors?
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Our Solar System
Space Exploration
Sites for Teachers
Our Solar System
This comprehensive book
contains information on all
major planets, major star
constellations, space
exploration and our solar
system. Included are fact
sheets, fast facts,
wordsearches, crossword
puzzles, Q's & A's, Student
Activity Sheets,
Teacher/parent resources
and tips, lesson plans and
crafts and activities.  
Preview entire book 208
The Chinese lunar calendar dates back to the
second millennium BC. The Chinese calendar is
cyclical. Each cycle is made up of 12 years; after
the 12th year, the cycle is repeated.  
This book
contains comprehensive teacher/parent resources,
lesson plans and activities relating both to the
Chinese Zodiac and to the Chinese New Year. A
Fun interactive learning experience for Gr K-5  with
a particular focus on adjectives,  characteristics and
Preview the entire book here