FREE eBook, Developing Fine Motor
Skills.  116 page activity book including
dot-2-dot, paper & pipecleaner crafts,
cutting, pasting & tracing activities.  
Resources and ideas for
teachers/parents.  Click on the
thumbnail for download instructions.
Fine motor skills can be defined as coordination of small muscle movements which occur e.g.,
in the fingers, usually in coordination with the eyes. In application to motor skills of hands (and
fingers) the term dexterity is commonly used.

The abilities which involve the use of hands, develop over time, starting with primitive gestures
such as grabbing at objects to more precise activities that involve precise hand-eye coordination.
Fine motor skills are skills that involve a refined use of the small muscles controlling the hand,
fingers, and thumb. The development of these skills allows one to be able to complete tasks
such as writing, drawing, and buttoning.
During the infant and toddler years, children develop basic grasping and manipulation skills,
which are refined during the preschool years. The preschooler becomes quite adept in self-
help, construction, holding grips, and bimanual control tasks requiring the use of both hands.

– Essa, E., Young, R. & Lehne, L., Introduction to early childhood education, 2nd Ed. (1998)
When the child enters middle childhood they make great progress in their artistic abilities. They
begin to express themselves through drawing, sculpting, and clay modelling.

  • Manipulative materials
  • Modified writing materials
  • Positioning
The Difference between Gross Motor Skills & Fine Motor Skills

A motor skill is a skill that requires an organism to utilise their skeletal muscles effectively in a goal directed manner. Motor skills and motor
control depend upon the proper functioning of the brain, skeleton, joints, and nervous system. Most motor skills are learnt throughout the
lifespan and can be affected by disabilities. Motor development is the development of action and coordination of one's limbs, as well as the
development of strength, posture control, balance, and perceptual skills.

Motor skills are divided into two parts:

Gross motor skills include lifting one's head, rolling over, sitting up, balancing, crawling, and walking. Gross motor development usually
follows a pattern. Generally large muscles develop before smaller ones. Thus, gross motor development is the foundation for developing
skills in other areas (such as fine motor skills). Development also generally moves from top to bottom. The first thing a baby usually learns
is to control is it eyes.

Fine motor skills include the ability to manipulate small objects, transfer objects from hand to hand, and various hand-eye coordination
tasks. Fine motor skills may involve the use of very precise motor movement in order to achieve an especially delicate task. Some
examples of fine motor skills are using the pincer grasp (thumb and forefinger) to pick up small objects, cutting, colouring and writing, and
threading beads. Fine motor development refers to the development of skills involving the smaller muscle groups.
Fine Motor Disabilities negatively impact a child's performance in school but have no bearing on their intellectual ability. It strictly speaks to
an individual’s struggle to control the small muscles in their hand as they write. Since communication in the form of writing is important and
still heavily relied upon in our society and schools, kids with this disability face a variety of obstacles. Simply writing their name is not only
time consuming, it may also end up illegible. To make their work legible, these individuals must exert a great deal of focus and energy
which leaves very little left over for concentrating on what they are writing about.
Developing Fine Motor Skills.  170
A4-page activity book including
dot-2-dot, paper & pipecleaner crafts,
lacing,  cutting, pasting & tracing
activities.  Resources and ideas for
teachers/parents.  Click on the
thumbnail to purchase.
For a wide selection of Free Fine & Gross Motor Skills
Activity Books & Printables, please
visit this link
The following factual and instructional PDF eBooks cover a variety of aspects relating to
Fine Motor Skills.  I have no doubt that you will find the information useful.  Please feel free
to download as many books as you require.

Activities that Encourage Fine Motor Skills
10 Toys for an Autistic Child
The Benefits of Building Blocks
The Connection Between Language and Puzzles
Detecting Children's Learning Disabilities
Learning to Recognise Disabilities
Toddler Toys that Can Help Your Baby Walk
Using Kids' Puzzles for Problem Solving
Four Benefits of Kids' Puzzles
Development Enhanced by the Use of Puzzles
Games for Children 6 months - 12 months
Hand-Eye Coordination & Literacy
Puzzles in the Development of Fine Motor Skills
Top 3 Skills for Children
Top Learning Toys for Kids
Toys that Teach
Helping Your Toddler with FMS
Developing
Fine Motor Skills
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