Children’s drawings also develop as a child ages, and refines
their fine motor skills. This has been widely studied, especially by
Rhonda Kellogg, following children from 2 years to 8 years of age.
Her research has found that the artistic gestures of children
evolve from basic scribbles to consistent symbols. The first symbols
that are formed by children are the circle, the upright cross, the
diagonal cross, the rectangle, and other common forms. When
the child is 3 years old, it begins to form face shapes, and by age
4, humans. At 4 to 5 years old, the child draws a human form with
arms and legs, and eventually the child adds a trunk and
clothes. Children then evolve to include other pictorials in their
art, such as houses, animals, and boats, by the age of 5.
Also, as children refine their motor skills, they are able to
communicate by written expression. Starting off with scribbling,
and moving on to printing and writing.
Scribbling has been described as a types of ‘motor
babbling’, and as the child matures, the forms that
arise from scribbling gradually become
transformed into printing and writing.
– Craig, G., Kermis, M. & Digdon, N., Children
today, 2nd Ed. (2001)