James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish expatriate author of the 20th
century. He is best known for his landmark novel Ulysses (1922) and its controversial successor Finnegans Wake
(1939), as well as the short story collection Dubliners (1914) and the semi-autobiographical novel A Portrait of the
Artist as a Young Man (1916).

Although he spent most of his adult life outside Ireland, Joyce's psychological and fictional universe is firmly rooted in
his native Dublin, the city which provides the settings and much of the subject matter for all his fiction. In particular,
his tempestuous early relationship with the Irish Roman Catholic Church is reflected through a similar inner conflict
in his recurrent alter ego Stephen Dedalus. As the result of his minute attentiveness to a personal locale and his self-
imposed exile and influence throughout Europe, notably in Paris, Joyce became paradoxically one of the most
cosmopolitan yet one of the most regionally-focused of all the English language writers of his time.

Life - Dublin: 1882-1904

James Augustine Aloysius Joyce was born on February 2, 1882 to John Stanislaus Joyce and Mary Jane Murray in the
Dublin suburb of Rathgar. He was the oldest of 10 surviving children; two of his siblings died of typhoid. His father's
family, originally from Fermoy in Cork, had once owned a small salt and lime works. Joyce's father and paternal
grandfather both married into wealthy families. In 1887, his father was appointed rate (i.e., a local property tax)
collector by Dublin Corporation; the family subsequently moved to the fashionable adjacent small town of Bray 12
miles (19 km) from Dublin. Around this time Joyce was attacked by a dog; this resulted in a lifelong canine phobia.
He also suffered from a fear of thunderstorms, which his deeply religious aunt had described to him as being a sign
of God's wrath.

Exiles and poetry

Main articles: Pomes Penyeach and Chamber Music (book)

Despite early interest in the theatre, Joyce published only one play, Exiles, begun shortly after the outbreak of World
War I in 1914 and published in 1918. A study of a husband and wife relationship, the play looks back to The Dead
(the final story in Dubliners) and forward to Ulysses, which was begun around the time of the play's composition.

Joyce also published a number of books of poetry. His first mature published work was the satirical broadside "The
Holy Office" (1904), in which he proclaimed himself to be the superior of many prominent members of the Celtic
revival. His first full-length poetry collection Chamber Music (referring, Joyce explained, to the sound of urine hitting
the side of a chamber pot) consisted of 36 short lyrics. This publication led to his inclusion in the Imagist Anthology,
edited by Ezra Pound, who was a champion of Joyce's work. Other poetry Joyce published in his lifetime includes
"Gas From A Burner" (1912), Pomes Penyeach (1927) and "Ecce Puer" (written in 1932 to mark the birth of his
grandson and the recent death of his father). It was published in Collected Poems (1936).


Joyce's work has been subject to intense scrutiny by scholars of all types. He has also been an important influence
on writers and scholars as diverse as Hugh MacDiarmid, Samuel Beckett, Jorge Luis Borges,[ Flann O'Brien, Máirtín
Ó Cadhain, Salman Rushdie, Robert Anton Wilson, and Joseph Campbell.

Download the Following Books:
James Joyce : In Brief
Chamber Music
The Dubliners
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
James Joyce
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