Africa Unit Study

Note: most suitable for primary students, but can be modified

African Countries & African Animals
List all the animals you think come from Africa, a comprehensive list of animals (with activities) can be found here -  and
anything students know about them. There are also videos, activities and pictures of each animal, with related activities on
these pages.  Free African themed activity books can be found
here, including Nelson Mandela, Animals, countries, maps,
notebooking pages and more.

Write down everything even if you know it is incorrect. You will review this list the last day to see which information was
correct. You can refer back to the list throughout the unit and answer any questions students may have had at the
beginning. The list should be posted in the classroom where the students can see it.

Elephants
  • Draw and paint or colour differences between African and Indian elephants.
  • African - Big ears, trunk is finger like and can pick up a single blade of grass, round head, back bends down in the
    middle, both male and female have tusks.
  • Indian - Small ears, trunk wraps around food, bumpy heads, back bends up in the middle, only males have tusks.
  • Discuss conservation status of the elephant.

Hippo Tear art
  • Discuss the habitat of the hippo.
  • Discuss conservation status of the hippo.
  • What do hippos eat?

Zebra
  • Camouflage - no two zebras have the same stripe pattern just like people's fingerprints.
  • Make a herd of zebras out of thumbprints.
  • Zebra Paper Art

Camel
  • Camels' hump is for fat storage to be used when there is little food or water.
  • 2 hump vs. 1 hump
  • Bactrian and Dromedary
  • Camel Paper Craft
  • Discuss Camel Racing
  • Discuss conservation status of the camel.

Cheetahs
paper mask
  • Discuss the characteristics of the cheetah compared to the lion or leopard.
  • Discuss the conservation status of the cheetah.
  • Discuss the main habitats of the cheetah.

Rhino
  • paper puppet
  • Black and White Rhino - compare and draw

Lion - paper plate mask
  • 3D Origami Lion
  • Compare the African Lion to the Asiatic Lion.
  • Compare the Lion to Domestic Cats of the same family.
  • Discuss the conservation status of the African Lion and the Asiatic Lion.
  • What can be done to help?
  • Discuss the different roles played by the lion and the lioness.

Giraffe - draw and watercolour paint
  • Discuss some interesting facts of the giraffe.
  • Discuss the habitat of the giraffe.
  • Discuss the conservation status of the giraffe.

Crocodile - paper puppet
  • Compare the crocodile to the alligator
  • Different types of crocodile
  • Discuss the different habitats of the giraffe.
  • Discuss the conservation status of the giraffe.

Ostrich
  • ostrich egg used as bowls
  • visit ostrich farm
  • compare to Emu of Australia
  • Discuss ostrich racing
  • story starter  "If I had a pet ostrich, I would ______."

Antelope - importance of as a food source for predators
  • Discuss the Bontebok, and its conservation status.
  • Discuss the habitats of various types of African Antelope.

Monkeys - no tails

Gorilla - endangered species
  • Different sub-species of gorilla and their habitats
  • Discuss conservation status.

Bontebok - endangered species
  • One of many African antelope/buck.  Discuss other sub-species, their habitats and conservation status.
  • Why is the Bontebok endangered?

Aardvark - anteater
  • Discuss the habitat and characteristics of the aardvark
  • Discuss the conservation status of the aardvark,
  • Discuss the similarities between the aardvark and any other similar looking animals.

Bat-Eared Fox - Compare to other foxes

Chimpanzee - compare to monkey or gorilla
  • Why is the chimpanzee endangered?
  • Discuss the habitat of the chimpanzee.
  • Discuss Jane Goodall and her role in chimpanzee conservation in Africa.

Bats - night flyer

Comprehensive list of African Animals with related activities

African animal version of Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?
black mamba, green
crocodile, yellow giraffe, red hoopoe (bird), brown dassie (rock hydrax), orange hyena, black rhino,
pink flamingo, purple loerie (bird), white egret, brown
impala, black wildebeest, grey elephant, blue guineafowl, red lechwe
(buck), blue crane (the national bird of South Africa), tawny
lion, black eagle, tan kudu, silver gull, white duck, striped zebra,
spotted
cheetah

Habitat
define and describe things you find there: food, water, shelter in Africa
-savannah
-desert
-river
-jungle
fold paper into 4 squares, draw plants and add animals to their habitats

African Countries
For an A to Z Listing of African Countries  with related activities including crosswords and flash geography puzzles click here

South Africa
Zulu tribe--wall hanging
burlap-yarn
flag and map
different tribes and languages including Afrikaans, English

Angola
Tribes & Languages
Slave Trade
Flag & Map

Nigeria
pisa houses
soda bottles-tape-straw-paint
flag and map

Egypt
hieroglyphics
plaster of paris-milk cartons (takes 2 days)
Egyptian paper beads
flag and map

Kenya
dough animals
Moja Means One
flag and map
Paper Tube Zoo
Students choose their favourite African animal and make a paper tube one using the patterns found in the book Paper Tube
Zoo. Display the zoo on a table. Cages can be strawberry boxes.

Animals--Lion, monkey, hippo, crocodile, elephant, giraffe

Story--Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain
sequence paper quilt with
animals from Africa

Story--Why Mosquitoes Buzz in Peoples Ears
story order
folk story

Story--Learning to Swim in Swaziland by Nila Leigh
This story was written by an eight year old girl.

  • Story - Anansi Folk Tales and the morals to the stories, mini unit studies here
  • African Mask colour paper
  • African pattern place mat
  • Wodaabe mirror pouch from Niger
  • Paper Kufi from Ghana
  • Kente paper weaving from the Asante people of Ghana
  • Adinkra sponge stamps from Ghana.

Safari time

Make binoculars out of toilet paper tubes and yarn. Put the kids chairs in short rows like they are on a bus and pretend to
cruise around and talk about the animals and plants you see. Have a few kids be different animals. You could make
cameras out of cardboard boxes and pretend to take pictures.

Paper mache mask of favourite
African animal

Paper mache calabash (bowl)

3-D animal

Diorama of habitat with animals in shoebox


In the End: An African Party

Students could dress up like their favourite African animal or wear native African costumes. Check your library for African
music. Assign each student to bring one food dish to share and let the fun begin!


African Recipes

Zaire
Peanut Soup
1 cup peanut butter (smooth style)
2 cups chicken bouillon
1/4 cup chopped onions
1/4 cup chopped tomatoes
red pepper (optional)

Heat bouillon and peanut butter together in a pan slowly, stirring until the peanut butter is dissolved. Simmer about 10
minutes. Add onions and tomatoes. Simmer until onions are soft. Pour into bowls and sprinkle sparingly with hot red
pepper. Serves four or enough for samples for 20.

Ghana
Beans and Rice
2 cups rice
1 cup dried white or red kidney beans
water
salt to taste

Cook beans according to the package directions. When firm but thoroughly cooked, pour out excess water. Add rice, salt and
water again according to package directions. As the rice steams, check it occasionally to see that there is enough water
since the beans, too, will continue to cook and they may both require more. Add hot water as necessary.

Ghana
Ground Beef
1 lb. ground beef
4 medium sized onions, chopped
garlic, to taste
1 teaspoon red pepper
salt to taste
1 chopped green pepper
1/2 cup cooked flat green beans
2 tablespoons peanut oil
1 8 oz. can tomato sauce

Heat peanut oil in a pan and fry onions, garlic and peppers for five minutes. Add beef and brown it. Add tomato sauce and
simmer for 20 minutes. Add flat beans and allow them to heat through. Serve over rice and beans or plain rice.

Ivory Coast
Fried Bananas
4 bananas
2 tablespoons lemon juice
3/4 cup fine crushed Corn Flakes
peanut oil
black pepper
cinnamon and sugar

Cut the bananas into quarters lengthwise and then into halves crosswise, making 8 fingers of each banana. All to stand 10
minutes covered with lemon juice. Role in crumbs and cook quickly in peanut oil 1/2 inch deep in skillet at 370 degrees until
crispy brown on both sides. Bananas may be sprinkled with pepper and served as an accompaniment to meat or fish, or
sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon if served as a dessert.

West Africa
Fruit Dessert
1 large pineapple
banana, orange, papaya, etc.
grated coconut
sugar
water
lemon juice

Cut a large pineapple lengthwise and scoop out the flesh. Cut it into cubes, and add diced portions of other suitable fruits,
as desired. Pout over the fruit mixture a syrup of sugar, water and a little lemon juice. Sprinkle with freshly grated coconut.
Serve chilled.

Egypt
Yansoon
for each cup desired, use the following proportions:
3/4 cup water
1 teaspoon anise seeds
2 teaspoons sugar

Boil the ingredients together for two minutes. Pour through a strainer into cups.

South Africa
Bobotie
1 onion
1 tbsp. olive oil
2 slices bread
1 cup milk
1 lb. ground beef
1 tbsp. curry powder
1/4 cup slivered almonds
1/3 cup raisins
1 tbsp. lemon juice
pinch of salt and pepper
2 eggs

Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Cut the crusts off the bread, break it into chunks and soak it in half of the milk. Chop the
onion. Heat the oil in a pan, and fry the onion over a low heat for ten minutes. Add the beef, curry powder, lemon juice, nuts,
raisins, salt, and pepper to the pan. Fry until the meat is brown all over. Spoon all of it into an ovenproof dish. Beat the eggs
with the rest of the milk, and pour over the mixture. Put it in the oven for 1 1/4 hours. The top of the bobotie should be set and
golden brown.

Baked Bananas
4 large bananas
2 tbsp. brown sugar
1 tsp. cinnamon
2 tbsp. butter or margarine

Set the oven to 350 degrees F.
Cut the bananas in half lengthwise. Put in an ovenproof dish, with the cut sides facing up. Melt the butter in a pan over a low
heat. Stir in the sugar and the cinnamon. Pour over the bananas. Cover the dish with aluminum foil and bake for 45 minutes.

Resources
A Trip Around The World, Carson-Dellosa Publishing Company, Inc.
Another Trip Around the World, Carson-Dellosa Publishing Company, Inc.
The Kids' Multicultural Art Book, by Alexandra Terzian
The Kids' Around the World Cookbook, by Deri Robins
The Paper Tube Zoo, by Evan-Moor Corp
You Can Change the World: Learning to Pray for People Around the World, by Jill Johnstone
Google
 
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